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However, no consistent conscientious distinction was made between knowledge of such things, which are true in every community, and other types of communal knowledge, such as mythologies and legal systems.
Before the invention or discovery of the concept of "nature" (ancient Greek phusis) by the Pre-Socratic philosophers, the same words tend to be used to describe the natural "way" in which a plant grows, and the "way" in which, for example, one tribe worships a particular god.
26 November 2012: a liquid natural gas tanker (example pictured) becomes the first large cargo vessel to attempt a winter crossing of the Arctic.
As the Arctic sea ice melts in coming years, the sea route may become increasingly viable for large ships.
For this reason, it is claimed these men were the first philosophers in the strict sense, and also the first people to clearly distinguish "nature" and "convention." Science was therefore distinguished as the knowledge of nature and things which are true for every community, and the name of the specialized pursuit of such knowledge was philosophy — the realm of the first philosopher-physicists.
They were mainly speculators or theorists, particularly interested in astronomy.
The Top 10 New Species 2013 was announced on by the International Institute for Species Exploration, commemorating unique species discovered during 2012.
If so, are we linked to plants in very early stages of evolution?From classical antiquity through the 19th century, science as a type of knowledge was more closely linked to philosophy than it is now and, in fact, in the West the term "natural philosophy" encompassed fields of study that are today associated with science such as physics, astronomy, medicine, among many others.In the 17th and 18th centuries scientists increasingly sought to formulate knowledge in terms of laws of nature.The formal sciences are often distinguished from the empirical sciences as the former does not depend on empirical observations.Science is related to research, and is normally organized by a university, a college, or a research institute.
As a slow process over centuries, the word "science" became increasingly associated with what is today known as the scientific method, a structured way to study the natural world.